Is a cultural movement that formed during the late 1960's and early 1970's among African American/Latin/Other Backgrounds youths residing in the South Bronx in New York City. It is a characterized by four elements, all of which represent the different manifestations of the culture: Turntablism/Djing (aural), Rapping (Oral), Breaking (Physical) and Graffiti Art (Visual). Even while it continues to develop globally in myriad styles, these four foundational elements provide coherence to Hip-Hop Culture.
The origin of the Hip-Hop Culture stems from the block parties of the Ghetto Brothers, when they plugged the amps for their instruments and speakers into lampposts on 163rd Street and Prospect Avenue and used music to break down the racial barriers, and from Dj Kool Herc at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, where Herc mixed samples of existing records with his own shouts or with Mc Coke La Rock to the crowd and dancers. Kool Herc is credited as a ,,father'' of Hip-Hop. Afrika Bambaataa of the Hip-Hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of Hip-Hop Culture, to which he coined the MCing, DJing, B-Boying/Breakin' and Graffiti Writing.
Since its evolution throughout the South Bronx, Hip Hop culture has spread to both urban and suburban communities throughout the world.Hip hop music first emerged with Kool Herc and contemporary disc jockeysand imitators creating rhythmic beats by looping breaks (small portions of songs emphasizing a percussive pattern) on two turntables. This was later accompanied by "rap", a rhythmic style of chanting or poetry often presented in 16-bar measures or time frames, and beatboxing, a vocal technique mainly used to provide percussive elements of music and various technical effects of hip hop DJs. An original form of dancing and particular styles of dress arose among fans of this new music. These elements were adapted and developed considerably over the history of the culture.